SIKKIM THE LAND OF SPICES


EXPORT FROM SIKKIM
CARDAMOM - SIKKIM'S MOST IMPORTANT SPICE
HARVESTING


Dried Cardamom

IMPORTANCE OF EXPORTS

Exports from the most important source of foreign exchange for developing countries. All developing countries including, India strives to increase their exports as a means for mobilizing resource for their developing plans. Growth in Agro- exports not only brings in additional foreign exchange for the country but benefits a large number of people involved in the production, processing and export of such products.

EXPORTS OF SPICES FROM INDIA

From time immemorial India has been known as the land of spices. The Chinese, Arabs and the Europeans came to the shores of India lured by the spices grown here. Pepper, cardamom, ginger, turmeric, chilies, and seed spices such as cumin, celery, coriander, fennel and fenugreek are the most important Indian spices. Spices exported from India exceeded Rs. 600 crores in 1994-95. The world consumption of spices is growing steadily every year. It is, therefore, important that we expand our exports of spices to increase or even retain our share in the world market. This can be achieved only through increased productivity and improved quality.

ITEM-WISE EXPORT OF SPICES FROM INDIA

 

1992-93

1993-94

1994-95

1995-96

1996-97

ITEM

QTY

VALUE

QTY

VALUE

QTY

VALUE

QTY

VALUE

QTY

VALUE

CARDAMOM

1255

881.66

1797

1256.96

1293

812.74

1784

1234.95

1450

1047.40

GINGER

9825

1687.37

18442

2478.12

12022

1673.03

18191

3828.73

28350

5723.70

(QTY IN M.T ; VALUE IN Rs. LAKHS)

 

EXPORT OF LARGE CARDAMOM

Large Cardamom is grown as an important spice crop in the state of Sikkim and West Bengal spread over about 26,437 hectares of land. India produced about 4100 Metric perfumes, medicines etc. The demand for large cardamom in the export market is bound to increase steadily. However, the internal consumption of cardamom is also increasing day by day resulting exportable surplus.

This situation could be improved by increasing productivity. Cultivation of high yielding varieties and also those with high content of volatile oil or pungent principles depending upon the end use in the importing countries, should form part of the strategy to increase exports.

The quantum of Large Cardamom exported from India shows steady increase over the past few years. In 1994-95 the exports of cardamom from India was 1231 Metric tones valued at Rs, 782 lakhs.

CROP PRODUCTION 1997-98 (PRELIMINARY ESTIMATION)

DISTRICTS

TOTAL AREA

YIELDING AREA IN Ha.

YIELD PER Ha

TOTAL YIELD

NORTH (SIKKIM)

7373

5898

243.64

1437

EAST (SIKKIM)

7017

5614

326.86

1835

SOUTH & WEST (SIKKIM)

9094

8400

203.57

1710

DARJEELING (WEST BENGAL)

2645

2118

274.10

580


GO UP


Back to Economy Page