Logo of Forest

INTRODUCTION
HISTORY
ACTIVITIES CARRIED OUT BY THE FOREST DEPARTMENT
RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
NAME AND TARIFF OF DIFFERENT REST HOUSES IN SIKKIM
CONCLUSION


INTRODUCTION

Sikkim, the tiny and beautiful state of the Indian Union, located in the Eastern Himalayas has an area of 7096 sq. km. and a population of 406457 the bulk of which resides in rural areas and is heavily dependent on forest resources. The entire state comprises of hilly terrain with forests on hilltops and valleys. Over 81% of the total geographical area of the state is under the administrative control of the Forest Department. Sikkim is endowed with a variety of natural flora and fauna and is a paradise of nature lovers, botanist, environmentalists, conservationists and trekkers. The state houses over 400 species of flowering plants, 300 species of Ferns and its allies, 11 species of oaks, 8 species of Tree Ferns, 40 species of Primulas and 20 species of Bamboos. The faunal wealth of Sikkim comprises of 144 species of mammals, 600 species of Birds, 400 species of Butterflies amd Moths and many species of Reptiles. Several species of medicinal plants and herbs are found throughout the state.

Forest Department is one of the Pioneer Department of the Government of Sikkim. It is the custodian of over 81% of the total geographical area of the state. Main objectives of the Department are:

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HISTORY

The first decade of this century marks the beginning of the forestry organisation in Sikkim. It was during this decade that the foundation of the present Forest Department was laid by, now little known but a strong character nevertheless, Shri Dilu Singh Ghale.

Very little is known about this personality who organised the Forest Department from scratch and gave it a strong and stable foundation both organisationally as well as technically. 'Panda' was able to trace out a brief career profile of this forester including his and his wife's photograph. As a matter of fact, our meager information about his service career is made good by these two beautiful photographs, which give us an insight onto this fore-father's personality. They look as lively today as they were about 70 years back. The pair represents god's best creation on earth.

A man of strong physical build, Mr. Ghale was born in 1872 in Darjeeling and had his forestry training in Dehradun. After successful training he joined the Bengal Government. In 1905 he was deputed to serve the Sikkim Darbar which he did till 1925.

During this period Mr. Ghale under the regime of the Chogyal Sidkeong Tulku organised the Forest Department in Sikkim which was hitherto non-existent. His foresight and planing skills contributed to the forestry base being laid on a firm footing. During his tenture as the first Forest Manager of the Himalayan Kingdom of Sikkim, classification and demarcation of Forest land into three categories of Reserve Forest, Khasmal and Gorucharan were done and notified during 1908 to 1912. The basis of scientific forest management was thus initiated by him. His other outstanding contribution was the publication of the first Forest Manual in 1914 which is available till today.

No other point better illustrates his firm commitment to the profession and his integrity and dedication to the service than the one which relates to imposing a fine of rupees five on his wife when she brought a headload of firewood from the forest area illegally. She is reported to have refused to pay an dsought the assistance of Darbar to waive off the proposed fine.

This is a great eye-opener to the modern band of hi-tech foresters. Such was the care and attention given to forest wealth when it was being initially organised for bequeathing to the present generations. We all owe our deep sense of gratitude and a profound appreciation for his outstanding contribution to the cause of Forestry whereby he made us feel proud at this juncture. He is truly the father of modern forestry in Sikkim along with his ruler Chogyal Sidkeong Tulku.

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ACTIVITIES CARRIED OUT BY FOREST DEPARTMENT

Afforestation was the major activity undertaken by the Department during the year 1997-98. Plantation worth Rs. 1.00 Lakhs were carried out in each Assembly Constituency through Village Level Implementation Committees formed in each Panchayat Unit. These commitees carried out plantation in Khasmals, Goucharans and degraded forest areas. Besides, financial assistance and seedlings of fooder, fuelwood and timber were also provided to the villagers for planting in their own holdings. Total area covered by plantation during the year till 31.03.97 was 8341.36 hectares and the number of seedlings distributed by the department was 19.80 Lakhs. Rhododendron plantation programme was also taken up around Gangtok,Namchi and other suitable areas in the state


AFFORESTATION WORK DONE DURING THE YEAR (SECTORWISE)

  1. Forestry Sector : 806.50 hac.
  2. Soil Conservation Sector: 789.45 hac.
  3. Ecology and Environment: 53.00 hac.


CATCHMENT AREA TREATMENT OF HYDRO-PROJECT AREA :1052.00 hac.

CENTRALLY SPONSORED SCHEMES

  1. Integrated Afforestarion and Eco-Development Project Sponsored by NAEB : Nil
  2. Integrated Wasteland Development Project sponsored by NAEB : 1849.00 hac.
  3. Non-Timber Forest Produce including medicinal plants : 502.00 hac.


CENTRALLY SPONSORED SCHEME

  1. Area Oriented Fuelwood and Fodder Project : 1197.41 hac.


COMPENSATORY AFFORESTATION : 10.00 hac.

PRIVATE LAND

  1. (Including Sericulture 7.6 hac.) : 2082.00 hac.

SOIL AND WATER CONSERVATION

Soil and Water Conserevation works through afforestation , Silvipasture, Agro-Forestry and Engineering works were taken up in 30 (thirty) identified watersheds through State Plan and in 3 (three) watersheds under Centrally Sponsored Schemes. In addition, watersheds are also being treated under Catchment Area Treatment of Rangit Hydro-Electric Project in South and West Districts. 1,00,000 cubic meters of engineering work was carried out during the year 1997-98 under Natural Calamity, Catchment Area Treatment, River Valley Project and State Watershed Scheme.

FOREST PROTECTION

Illegal activities in the forest, illegal transportation of Timber and other forest produce is being taken care of by the Mobile Squad of the Department headed by a Deputy Conservator of Forests. The Territorial Division in all four districts are vigilant and are putting substantial effort to prevent illicit felling and illegal movement of forest produce, grazing in reserve forest has been banned in South and West Districts.

WILDLIFE

The initial 850 square Kilometer area of Kanchendzonga National park (High Altitude) has been extended and expanded to 1784 square Kilometers. The Wildlife wing conducted a high altitude expedition in West District covering Dzongri, Gochala, Lampokhari, Ledo Khola and dhupidara to study the habitat in the highlands. 28% i.e. 2049 square kilometers of total geographical area of Sikkim is under Wildlife protected areas. There are altogether 6 (six) numbers of Wildlife Reserves in the form of National Park and Sanctuaries.Forest Department has also won the encroachment case of Fambong Lho Wildlife Sanctuary and the encroahers have been evaluated. 54 bird belonging to 20 species have been successfully signed and released in Sanctuaries. Research work is also being carried out on Wildlife.

UTILIZATION

To meet the Timber, fuelwood and charcol requirement of the state, the Utilization Circle of the Forest Department extracted 1047 cubic feets of timber, 457 bags of charcol and 786 piles of fuelwood during the year 1997-98. Out of wind fallen, dead trees and from leftover coupes. The Department also distributed smokeless chullahs in North and South Districts to reduce pressure on forests.

SERICULTURE

Forest Department has two Sericulture Farm, one at Rorathang (East Sikkim) and other at Mamring and Namthang (South District). Extension of Mulberry Plantation in West District has been carried out at Chakung in an area of 10 hactares.

  1. Rearing of improved variety of silkworms.
  2. Propagation of Mulberry seedlings.
  3. Districution of seedlings to villagers.
  4. Training to beneficiaries and awareness programmes.

Sericulture has picked up its pace since 1996. Training is being imparted to beneficiaries from East, South and West Districts for mulberry cultivation and silkworm rearing. There was overwelming response but the Department could take up on 19 beneficiaries during the year 1997-98 due to financial constraints. The beneficiaries have already started producing coloon in their own sil farms. All the trained beneficiaries are provieded with all inputs free of cost and a financial assistance of Rs. 7000/- each.

NURSERIES

Forest Department is maintaining about 180 hactares of nurseries all over the State and the annual production of seedlings is around 150 lakhs to cater afforestation schemes and for distribution to villagers for planting in their private holdings.

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RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

REMOTE SENSING

The Project under progress by Remote Sensing Centre are:

  1. Integrated Mission for sustainable Development (IMSD).
  2. Wetland Mapping.
  3. Wasteland Mapping - East District.
  4. Mapping of identified Micro Watersheds.
  5. Setting of GIS data base centre.

The IMSD Project is being carried out by Forest Department and the remaining projects are handed over to Science and Technology Department in 1997-98.

SEED DEVELOPMENT

Seed stands and seed orchids are created in the field. Seed collected from the stands and orchids are treated, certified and distributedto nurseries.

POLLUTION CONTROL UNIT

This unit carried out studies and assessment of air and water quality and monitors pollution level. Besides, manages penatum and botanical garden, conducted pollution control awareness camps by 7 NGO's with the assistance from CPCB.

 

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NAME AND TARIFF OF DIFFERENT REST HOUSES IN SIKKIM

SL. NO.

NAME OF THE REST HOUSE

DISTRICT

SUITE I

SUITE II

1.

Lachung

North

Rs. 50/-

Rs. 30/-

2.

Log House Lachung

North

Rs. 50/-

Rs. 30/-

3.

Yumthang

North

Rs. 50/-

Rs. 30/- Rs.500/per party.

4.

Yumthang Hot Spring

North

Rs. 50/-

Rs. 30/-

5.

Hee-Gyathang

North

Rs. 50/-

Rs. 30/-

6.

Tingvong

North

Rs. 50/-

Rs. 30/-

7.

Namprikdang

North

Rs. 50/-

Rs. 30/-

8.

Yoksum

West

Rs. 50/-

Rs. 30/-

9.

Tashiding

West

Rs. 50/-

Rs. 30/-

10.

Dentam I

West

Rs. 50/-

Rs. 30/-

11.

Dentam II

West

Rs. 50/-

Rs. 30/-

12.

Hillay

West

Rs. 50/-

Rs. 30/-

13.

Sombaria

West

Rs. 50/-

Rs. 30/-

14.

Soreng

West

Rs. 50/-

Rs. 30/-

15.

Bakhim

West

Rs. 50/-

Rs. 30/- Rs.500/per party

16.

Nayabazar

West

Rs. 50/-

Rs. 30/-

17.

Rinchenbung

West

Rs. 50/-

Rs. 30/-

18.

Hee Bermiok

West

Rs. 50/-

Rs. 30/-

19.

Phurchachu

West

Rs. 50/-

Rs. 30/-

20.

Ravongla

South

Rs. 50/-

Rs. 30/-

21.

Melli

South

Rs. 50/-

Rs. 30/-

22.

Rhenock

South

Rs. 50/-

Rs. 30/-

23.

Phadamchen

South

Rs. 50/-

Rs. 30/-

24.

Tumin

South

Rs. 50/-

Rs. 30/-

25.

Rate per night for full Rest House

 

 

Rs. 2000/-

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CONCLUSION

Plants, animals and man are interdependent from time immemorial. Destruction of one has direct bearing on the survival of the others. Among them, man is the most intellect and has great responsibility to create conditions maintain balance to posterity. Environment degradation of late is a global issue and its protection is the foremost responsibility of the citizens of this earth. Emission of excessive amount of chloroflorocarbon by developed contries and methane by developing countries has led to puncture in the ozone layer thereby giving way to ultra-violet rays of the sun to the earth. Increase in the amount of carbon-dioxide in the atmosphere have resulted in global warming, excessive melting of snow and glaciers, increase in sea level and submergence of many smaller islands in the oceans. Pollution of the environment has increased to such an extent that the days are not far away that we may get acid rains. To check further degradation of the environment, it is high time taht each of us join hands to make our earth clean and green because we have only one plant to sustain life in the entire solra system.


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FOR DETAILED INFORMATION CONCERNING WILDLIFE CONTACT :

USHA LACHUNGPA
C/O PCCF-CUM-SECY, FORESTS.
SR. RESEARCH OFFICER (WILDLIFE).
FOREST DEPARTMENT, GOVERNMENT OF SIKKIM.
DEORALI, GANGTOK 737102.
SIKKIM, INDIA.

PHONE OFFICE : (03592)-23191
                     FAX : (03592)-23862
                     RES : (03592)-25273


FOR ANY MISELLANEOUS INFORMATION, PLEASE CONTACT

SRI. G. N. PRADHAN,
STATISTICAL OFFICER,
FOREST DEPARTMENT,
GOVERNMENT OF SIKKIM.

PHONE OFFICE : (03592)-22978, 22330
                     FAX : (03592)-23862
                     RES : (03592)-24357

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