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The rapid urbanization has to be matched with the equal development of the infrastructure in the State. At present either the existing infrastructures are inadequate or over utilised or there are no vacant places for addition of infrastructures and civic amenities. With keeping in view of these the Department has number of programmes for facilitating the creation of infrastructures and basic amenities.
Garbage Management
With  the rapid growth of urban population and increase in tourist traffic and increase  there has been proportionate increase in the quantum of garbage and  wastage in  the  town and bazaar areas. In the capital town of Gangtok itself around 26 MT of solid waste is produced daily. 
In order to cope with the situation a land measuring around 12.18 acres has been acquired at Marchak about 15 km away from Gangtok where the garbage from Gangtok and peripheral areas are dumped.  Disposal of garbage presently is being done by Open Yard Degradation system.  The State Government is in the process of installation of manure processing plant in the lines of Karnataka/ Bangalore KCDC model of converting biodegradable garbage into agricultural compost. 

Segregation of bio-degradable & non-biodegradable garbage at Marchak

The project has been approved by the Ministry of Urban Development and Poverty Alleviation in a meeting held on 25th July, 2001 with the Minister of Urban Development and Poverty Alleviation, Government of India and the Chief Minister of Sikkim. At present Department maintains fleet of garbage  disposal  trucks 8 Nos. in the north-east and two vehicles in the south-west districts. The Department has one cess pool vehicle which is used by the public on demand and on payment of Rs.500/- per trip to clean private septic tank. 
Under the Sikkim Non-Biodegradable Garbage (Control) Act, 1997 and The Sikkim Non-Biodegradable Garbage (Control) Rules, 2001, no one is allowed to throw bio-degradable or non-biodegradable garbage in any public place or in any drain ventilation shaft pipe and fitting connected with the private or public drainage except in appropriate garbage receptacles.  Any one violating this is punishable with the imprisonment for term which may extend to six months or with fine upto Rs.5,000/- or with both. 
Instance of jhoras(natural streams)  being clogged by plastic bags.
From the year 2000, the Sanitation Rules for Towns of Sikkim has been extended to whole of Sikkim vide notification No. 104 (181)/ UD & HD/ 1986-2000 dt. 17.06.2000.

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Last Updated on: 11th December, 2001

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